Corneal dystrophies are a group of genetic eye disorders in which abnormal material accumulates in the clear outer layer of the eye, the cornea. Corneal dystrophies may cause no symptoms at all or significant vision impairment.
Most forms of corneal dystrophy affect both eyes, progress slowly and have a tendency to run in families. Corneal dystrophies are classified according to which of the five layers of the cornea they attack.
The most common corneal dystrophies we treat are:
- Fuchs’ dystrophy, a progressive disease affecting the endothelium, the back part of cornea, which is the clear, round dome covering the eye's iris and pupil. The disease usually affects both eyes and causes a gradual decline in vision due to corneal edema (swelling) and clouding.
- Anterior basement membrane dystrophy, a progressive disease affecting the front part of the cornea, which can result in decreased vision and/or recurrent corneal erosions, which can be quite painful.
After diagnosis by a corneal specialist, treatment of corneal dystrophy varies. If you have no symptoms or mild symptoms, you may not require treatment. However, you should have regular eye exams to detect any progression of the disease.
Treatment for those who have symptoms may include eyedrops, ointments, lasers and, if necessary, corneal transplant. In some cases, we may recommend excimer laser therapy to remove surface abnormalities from the cornea. Some people with significant symptoms may require corneal transplant, also known as keratoplasty. Corneal transplants have been highly successful in treating people who suffer with the worst symptoms of corneal dystrophy.
Discover advanced care from a corneal specialist by calling 212-650-0400 or using our convenient Request an Appointment form. Patients come to us from Scarsdale, Chappaqua and Manhattan, New York, Newark, New Jersey, Greenwich, Connecticut and surrounding areas.
A cataract forms when the naturally clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy.Read More
Did you know? You can have LASIK for nearsightedness, farsightedness,...Read More
The cornea is the transparent front wall of the eye. A variety of conditions...Read More
DSAEK is short for Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty...Read More
DMEK is short for Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty. This procedure is...Read More
When the cornea becomes weakened by keratoconus, another corneal disease or...Read More
A pterygium is a wing-shaped growth on the eye’s conjunctiva that extends...Read More
Unlike your body’s surface skin coverage, the ocular surface of your eyes is...Read More
Dry eye is a catch-all term referring to ocular surface disease. With ocular...Read More
Blepharitis, or meibomian gland dysfunction, may cause irritation of...Read More
Diabetic eye disease is actually a group of conditions that affect people...Read More
Macular degeneration, also called age-related macular degeneration (ARMD)...Read More
Eastside Eye Surgeons uses leading-edge technology for the evaluation and...Read More
From amblyopia (lazy eye) to uveitis (inflammation of the middle eye), there...Read More
Drs. Sid Mandelbaum perform comprehensive eye examinations.Read More
Dr. Sid Mandelbaum has been in practice in New York since 1986. After completing his undergraduate work at Columbia University, he went on to receive his medical degree...Read More
Dr. Michael J. Borodkin is a summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the University of Pennsylvania. He received his medical degree from Yale University School of Medicine...Read More